Macquarie Dictionary Blog
Posted on 11 October 2020
Fawning over Aussie fauna
Australia has some of Earth’s most unique fauna. We have animals like the platypus and echidna that can’t be found anywhere else in the world. And we love them. We’ve even put them on our money. But deep down we know that really they’re priceless, and what better to celebrate them then through internet memes? There is the bin chicken, also known as the Australian white ibis, which has a habit of rummaging in garbage bins for food and harassing local park goers for their lunch. They are a cultural phenomenon that shows now signs of slowing down and have even been given the David Attenborough treatment with a documentary parody. And then you’ve got the drop bear, those aggressive koalas that drop out of trees onto unsuspecting people below. The urban legend can be seen in the flesh in this interview with a UK journalist (any Aussie would tell you it’s unbelievable she made it out alive). We also have the sweet, adorable quokka with it’s tiny smile evolved specifically for the perfect selfie. It was back in 2019 when animal whisperer and actor, Chris Hemsworth, visited Rottnest Island and took this snap with one of Australia’s finest specimens. Look at those cheeks! But Hemsworth should start watching his back because boomers (no, not those ones we mean these ones) are starting to get really ripped and looking for a fight. If only we had listened to the milkshake duck back in 2016! As you can see the internet can’t get enough of our Aussie animals icons. So let us know what your favourite Aussie animal urban legend or internet sensation is in the comments below!
Posted on 6 October 2020
Six new words to watch
October is here. The weather is heating up, and though the footy finals have been moved from their traditional slots, you can console yourself with these six competitive words to watch. There are only two pandemic-related words this month: corona corridor and maskhole. The former isn't as menacing as it sounds but is actually a route such as an air corridor established to allow movement within a travel bubble (which you may recall from this batch of new words back in July). Maskhole is an anti-masker, or someone who refuses to wear a mask, a play on, well...we're sure you can figure it out. Futch refers to people exhibiting both butch and femme characteristics, while a letterati is a person who frequently writes 'letters to the editor.' We hear regularly from prominent letterati in the Macquarie Dictionary inbox and wouldn't have it any other way. Our final word to watch is wokefishing. A play on catfishing, wokefishing is when someone pretends to have progressive views on dating apps to ensnare a partner but doesn't hold them in real life. More -fishing words which is also relevant on dating apps are hatfishing and blackfishing. Could dating be any more confusing? Let us know if you have any other suggestions. We are always happy to hear new words, no matter how big or small a usage they may have. Be sure to vote for some of these when we post them on our Instagram stories. See other words suggested to the Macquarie Dictionary here.
Posted on 5 October 2020
Chuck out the Word of the Week
Aussie Word of the Week
This week's Word of the Week is a versatile piece of Aussie slang that often arrives in chunks. Chuck means, among other things, to vomit, as in he chucked up on my carpet! Lovely. Thankfully chuck also has some less gross meanings. In Australia certain things are chucked rather than 'done' or 'taken'. For instance, when driving you almost invariably chuck a U-ie, or chuck a left or right. If you jump into a pool in order to make an enormous splash then you chuck a bombie. If you quit a bad habit then you chuck it, as in I smoked for years before I decided to chuck it. Chuck has also been used as older slang meaning to reject or spurn: She's chucked me for another bloke. As you can see, Aussies really like to chuck things, so we'll chuck this blog and see you next week when we'll have another piece of exceptional Aussie slang. Each week, we have a look at a slang word from Australian English. You can see other Aussie Word of the Week posts from the Macquarie Dictionary here.
Posted on 29 September 2020
Word of the Year: a look at past winners
Yes, that's right, as 2020 creeps towards 2021, we at Macquarie Dictionary HQ are gathering our committee of wordsmiths to decide on our Word of the Year (and what a year it has been!) Last year's winner cancel culture, still has relevance in 2020 but has been somewhat overshadowed by events since it took out the crown in December. In 2018, Me Too was the Word of the Year, while the infamous milkshake duck was the 2017 choice. Each year, Macquarie Dictionary invites you to vote for the People's Choice Word of the Year on top of our Committee's Choice. Last year, robodebt was voted as the People's somewhat controversial choice. We can only imagine what it might be this year. Only once did the Committee's and People's Choices select the same winner. In 2015, everyone agreed that captain's call was a worthy Word of the Year. Voting for the People's Choice Word of the Year for 2020 opens in November. For a preview of words that might make it on to our 75 word longlist, check out our blogs of 'words to watch' from throughout the year:
- January - featuring the controversial Karen generation and poo jogger.
- February - we take on influencer fraud in our Tassie tuxedos.
- March - have you been seened?
- April - featuring COVID-19 and the coinciding infodemic.
- May - stop doomsurfing and put on a nicecore movie.
- June - grab a dalgona coffee, this one is a thumb stopper.
- July - join our travel bubble for some astrotourism.
- August - attain blood harmony, also sky puppies!
- September - watch out for wolf warriors and snapping handbags.
Posted on 28 September 2020
Divvying up our slang words
Aussie Word of the Week
Aussies love sticking a bet on the races, particularly at Melbourne Cup time. If you're lucky enough to win big you might find it in the kindness of your heart to divvy up the winnings with your family and friends. Divvy comes in verb or noun form, the latter meaning a dividend (which is where the word divvy comes from in the first place) or profit – often gained illegally, picture balaclava-clad burglars dividing sacks of loot between them. The verb form means to divide something up, as in I'll divvy my winnings with you. Divvy has a couple of other interesting uses. Given its criminal connotations, it is rather humorous that a divvy van is another name for a police van. This meaning is used all over Australia but is especially common in Victoria. Within the armed forces, divvy is a slang name for an infantry division. This meaning has been in use since World War I, making it perhaps the oldest usage of divvy. Each week, we have a look at a slang word from Australian English. You can see other Aussie Word of the Week posts from the Macquarie Dictionary here.
Posted on 22 September 2020
Are we having a brain fart?
There’s a fundamental rule in dictionary-writing that colloquialisms should be avoided in definitions. The idea is that the language should be neutral in register – not archaic, not so formal as to be stilted, and definitely not colloquial. Idioms should also be avoided – those phrases that carry a meaning which is more than the literal sum of their parts – throw the baby out with the bathwater, bring home the bacon, change one’s tune, etc. This can be a challenge, but we usually get there in the end. However, one word has continued to cause headaches for the editors. It’s fart. Of course, it’s perfectly fine to use fart in definitions if it is not a colloquialism – but, it is... isn’t it? The Macquarie Dictionary gives fart a Colloquial label, as do other dictionaries, but there have been many editorial discussions about this over recent years. Is there a non-colloquial alternative? (The lack of a non-colloquial, non-idiomatic synonym is a standard used by some lexicographers to determine whether or not a word is colloquial.) We could use break wind or pass wind in definitions (neither is colloquial, but both are idiomatic), and expel flatulence (or flatus) through the anus, which is neither idiomatic nor colloquial, but sits a little oddly as a definition for shoot a fairy or drop one’s lunch. Or for ring ripper – a noisy expulsion of flatus from the anus?? At present, you’ll find fart in Macquarie definitions for the following aromatic words and phrases: air biscuit, bottom burp, cropdusting, fluff, raspberry tart, ring ripper, smelly, trouser trumpet, blow off, shoot a fairy, drop one’s guts, let go, let off, drop (or open) one’s lunch, open one’s lunch box, pop off, blue-flame. So our problem remains. The tug-of-war between committing the heinous crime of using a colloquialism in a definition and using the equally heinous 'expel flatulence through the anus' is evenly balanced. Let’s hope there’s an answer in the wind.
Posted on 21 September 2020
Step through the Bogan gate
Aussie Word of the Week
This week, we are walking through the Bogan gate, and we don't mean the town in Central New South Wales. A Bogan gate is a gate made from barbed wire and stakes, found in the bush. Picture a haphazard structure made of timber and wire, pulled across a paddock. We have written in depth about the meaning of bogan, but seeing as it's been a while, we thought we would revisit some of our favourite bogan-related slang. Every state seems to have their name for bogans, many of them uncomplimentary. In Queensland, bogans are referred to as bevans. New South Wales bogans cross over with westie's, which says a lot about what people think about Western Sydney (long live the West). Tasmanian bogans are called chiggers, while those in the ACT are booners. Bogans who visit the beach are referred to as the bogan navy. This navy, considered one of the strongest in the world, deploys aqua bogs: bogans who surf. Bogan juice is a nickname for iced coffee. If a juice sipping bogan takes their drink to the back of the bus they are a backseat bogan. These are just some of words that jumped out at us. This blog could easily go on for another ten paragraphs but I think you get the picture. If you have a favourite bogan-related word, comment below. Each week, we have a look at a slang word from Australian English. You can see other Aussie Word of the Week posts from the Macquarie Dictionary here.
Posted on 16 September 2020
Dances to get Aussies up and moving
We’ve all been to enough school dances and weddings to know that Aussies love to get in line and dance in sync. From the nutbush to the macarena and the hokey-pokey to the modern wave of TikTok dances, let’s have a look at what has and has yet to make it into the Macquarie Dictionary. Before we get to the afore-mentioned staples of a classic Aussie get-together, consider some of our more traditional dances. There’s the Pride of Erin, an old-fashioned country dance of Irish origins. The version danced in Australia is unique to this fine nation and the dance steps vary between states and territories. Then there’s the polka, salsa and foxtrot to round them out. In Australia, of course, Aboriginal people have a much longer history, and one of many words that have crossed over into Australian English from various Aboriginal languages is corroboree. This word has been adapted from the Dharug word garaabara, meaning a style of dancing but now means “an Aboriginal assembly of sacred, festive, or warlike character”. In the 70s, 80s and 90s, a few of our current stalwarts of late night gatherings came to be. There’s the nutbush, a linedance in which a set series of steps is executed, the dancers turning in the same direction by ninety degrees at the end of the steps, then clapping once before repeating the steps, and so on; performed to the song Nutbush City Limits (1973) by Tina Turner. On top of this, we have breakdancing emerging in the 1980s, pioneered in Australia by Indigenous hip-hop artist Munkimuk. You may not breakdance, but we’re willing to wager you’ve seen the worm in action once or twice. Moving up a few decades brings us to dabbing, which entered the Macquarie Dictionary in 2017 but came around a few years earlier and has fallen somewhat out of fashion since. We also have flossing or the floss dance, which is a vigorous dance in which a person swings both their arms left and back either side of the torso and then right and back either side of the torso; both arms crossing the front of the body to change direction, and the hips always moving in the opposite direction to the arms. Quite difficult to master the first time. Currently, many new dances come out of TikTok, a very popular social app. We are watching some of these words to see if any have the stamina and widespread use to warrant an entry in the Macquarie Dictionary. We’re looking at the woah, the renegade, the Savage Challenge and even the Say So dance (which could be seen as a modern version of Kylie Minogue’s Loco-motion). Now that you’ve got a few classic songs running through your head, let us know any dances we’ve missed in the comments.
Posted on 14 September 2020
A visit from an eight-legged friend
Aussie Word of the Week
A flicker of movement in the corner of your eye. You are being hunted. Eight legs creep across the wall. Tangled in a web of fear, you turn to face... the triantelope!! Ok, enough low-budget horror movie stuff. This week's Word of the Week is a true blue, eight-legged Aussie legend. The triantelope is a nickname for the hunstman spider, a medium to large spider with flattened, brown or grey, hairy bodies. Huntsman spiders are widely distributed around Australia but if you see one don't be afraid, these are beneficial spiders who hunt pesky insects. Huntsman spiders sometimes live in families of up to 150 individuals. If you see that many spiders gathered in one place, you are entitled to turn around and walk the other way. For more Aussie animals, check out our blog, as well as out list of collective nouns for animals. And just for the adults, most certainly don't take this turn of phrase literally. Each week, we have a look at a slang word from Australian English. You can see other Aussie Word of the Week posts from the Macquarie Dictionary here.
Posted on 8 September 2020
The best place this side of the black stump
While popularly remembered as a chain of restaurants, the term black stump was commonly used in colonial times as a colloquial term to denote a fire-blackened tree stump used as a boundary or direction marker. Over time, the term black stump evolved to include any reference to the far outback or places beyond what was seen as civilisation. We discussed this in our Ozpic podcast episode on the black stump that you can listen to here. The exact origin of the term is disputable. It has been suggested that it was popularised by the Black Stump Wine Saloon, which in the 1850s stood at the junction of two coach routes near the present-day town of Coolah, in north-west NSW. The saloon took its name from the earlier Black Stump Run which had formed part of the boundary of Governor Darling's 1826 ‘limits of location’, an imaginary line that limited authorised settlement. To cross this border was referred to as going beyond the black stump. Beyond the Black Stump may also ring some bells as a comic strip set in the outback, featuring a number of loveable characters like koalas, birds and a couple of skulls. The term was also used in Rolf Bolderwood’s 1888 classic Australian tale of bushrangers, Robbery Under Arms in which the main character, bushranger Dick Marston, refers to the Black Stump as a real place. Do you still refer to a black stump as a landmark? Or does it have a different meaning to you? Let us know in the comments.
Posted on 8 September 2020
Addictive or addicting?
That TV show you can’t stop binging or the dessert you’ll never say ‘no’ to… Are these things addictive or addicting? What about cigarettes -- would you say these are addictive or addicting? Well, let’s go to the root of the word first, addict, which comes to us from Latin and is pronounced differently depending on whether it is being used as a verb or noun. addict verb (t) (say uh'dikt) 1. to cause to become physiologically or psychologically dependent on. noun (say 'adikt) 2. someone who is addicted to a practice or habit [Latin addictus, past participle, adjudged, devoted] Addictive [addict + ive] is an adjective meaning ‘causing or tending to cause physiological or psychological dependence, especially in relation to a substance such as drugs, alcohol or tobacco’. Addicting [addict + ing], a somewhat newer coinage, is also an adjective, meaning roughly the same thing. Grammar Girl surmises that it’s been around for about 80 years. In Australian English, addictive still seems to be more commonly used, but addicting is creeping in. In general, there does appear to be a distinction in the way these two words are being used, with addicting more commonly used in relation to things that aren’t necessarily associated with an addictive substance (such as drugs) but rather are indulgences, such as TV shows, gaming, food, etc. There will, of course, be some people who argue that there is no reason to use the word addicting when addictive exists and works perfectly fine. And while that is true, language is evolving, as always – using addicting isn’t a big issue as it’s quite likely everyone will still understand what you mean. Which do you use? Let us know!
Posted on 7 September 2020
No-one wants to get roused on
Aussie Word of the Week
This week's Word of the Week is dedicated to your granny. How many times did she catch you with your hand in the biscuit tin? When you made your granny mad she roused on you. In other words she slipped into her thickest brogue and scolded you with a heat hotter than a boiled kettle. Ouch. There are plenty of other Aussie ways of giving you a good telling off. Pay out and chew out are classic Aussie versions of rouse on, while to chuck off at someone is a now-outdated term that originated in the 1900s. A good basting isn't just for your Christmas turkey; it also means to denounce or scold vigorously, while to blow up at someone means to vehemently scold them, as in he blew me up for being late. So unless you want your granny to blow up, do us a favour and keep your hand out of the biscuit tin. Each week, we have a look at a slang word from Australian English. You can see other Aussie Word of the Week posts from the Macquarie Dictionary here.